TERMS OF REFERENCE FOR CONSULTANCY TRAINING OF COMMUNITY PARALEGALS IN MUKURU KWA RUBEN

Background Wangu Kanja Foundation which is a non-governmental, non-political and not for profit making organization whose vision is a society free of sexual violence. The foundation is a registered Trustee under the Perpetual Succession Act Chapter 164 of the Laws of Kenya. The Foundation was born from challenges that the founder Wangu Kanja went through after she was raped in a carjacking incidence in 2002. Her traumatic experience in the hands of the rapist, family, friends and the public led to her realization that she needed to take action to address sexual violence by creating awareness and prevention.

Introduction According to UN Women, UNICEF and UN-Habitat (2012), more than half of the world’s population — approximately 3.4 billion people — live in cities today. With this rapid urbanization come increased risks for the citizens of urban areas, especially women, youth and children. Currently, one billion people are living in urban slums and are denied basic human rights, such as access to safe housing, essential services, land tenure, quality education and basic rights, including freedom from fear and violence and the right to participate in political and economic life. Studies available from around the world confirm that high proportions of women are assaulted or fear assault in public spaces. Experiences, in the urban informal settlements shows a strong link that people living in poverty are trapped in their present situation because they are excluded from the rest of the society with minimal access to basic services.

The low quality of housing and the massive lack of basic and essential services are common in our informal settlements; the general lack of basic infrastructure has become common predecessors to unsafe cities increasing the level of insecurity in the urban informal settlements. Despite, the government's efforts to improve housing and infrastructure in informal settlements, more needs to be done to address needs and issues that are unique to women and girls. The constant threat of sexual violence and lack of police presence in the slums has left many women too scared to leave their homes to use communal toilets and bathroom facilities making them prisoners in their own homes. Women need more privacy than men when going to the toilet or taking a bath and the inaccessibility of facilities makes women vulnerable to a myriad of sexual and reproductive health problems. Access to basic services including security is mandatory for all citizens in Kenya, therefore calling upon the active engagement of all actors (Government and civil society) to the realization of Safe and Friendly Cities for all including the security officers who are not also safe as they ensure security of property and life.

Wanja Kanja Foundation focus for this project will be in the Mukuru informal settlements of Nairobi by ensuring that: • Women and girls are free from violence and harassment, including the fear of violence on the streets. • Women and girls are safe in public spaces with freedom of movement without fear of assault. • Women and girls are able to access comprehensive care and support (essential services) and access justice.

1.1 The Objectives of the training The main objective of this exercise is to train the paralegals on paralegal work and building networks. Specific Objectives The specific objectives will be for the Paralegals to: 1. Vetting of the existing paralegals to select 15 people with potential as human rights activists 2. Understand legal, ethical and human rights issues in the community. 3. Gain Paralegal skills 4. Appreciate importance of greater involvement and participation of the paralegals in championing their rights of survivors of sexual violence. 5. Discuss the role of paralegals in promoting legal and human rights in their community.

Areas to be covered include the following:- • Para legalism (concept of paralegals) • Rights Based Advocacy (how to advocate, issues that need advocacy, target groups and types of advocacy) • Court Procedures and Alternative Dispute Resolution and the Justice System which protects the rights of the citizens against any form of injustices • An overview of the new constitution in reference to ownership/control of resources and other related policies/laws i.e. the Sexual Offences Act, Children Act etc • Succession and Inheritance (Property law in specifics to property inheritance; succession laws, Land laws) • Session of sharing experiences and challenges from the field by paralegals.

The following outputs are expected: • Participants should have good knowledge of Para legalism • Knowledge on relevant Legal instruments e.g. women rights. • Appreciation of the spaces and opportunities provided by the new constitution • Key loopholes and reality of the legal system • How to document and manage cases • Organizing women to effectively address women rights violations – support women in developing structures of engagement( groups, movements an networks)

1.2 Duration The training is expected to take five (5) days. The participants will be converging in a central location every day. Proposed training dates: 22th -26th September 2014.

1.3 Scope of the Consultancy • Delivery of the training covering the areas of importance and using a participatory adult learning approach. • Assist participants to develop and share action plans.

1.4 Expected Deliverables. • Two hard copies and a soft copy of a detailed training report covering the process and content of the training. • Action plans with a detailed curriculum of the trainings.

Expressions of interest and proposed budgets should be sent to Wangu Kanja Foundation via email at info@wangukanjafoundation.org by 12th September 2014

Wangu Kanja Foundation (K) P. O. Box 12608 G.P.O 00100 Nairobi Tel: 0732 866 504 Cell: 0722 790 404 Email: info@wangukanjafoundation.org

Last edited 10 September 2014